The Cloud Doesn’t Answer The Why Or The How


Where Vendors Go Wrong

used_car_salesman_bmIf you are an end-user, I am sure you’ve dealt with technology vendors that reminded you more of pushy used car salesmen than trusted advisors.  They seem to only care about your concerns long enough to use them as a springboard for delivering their latest product pitches.  And it doesn’t seem to matter if their latest products has any relevance to solving your problems.

Setting aside motives for now, the disconnect seems to be the result of a misunderstanding of the purpose of technology and of IT itself.  Many vendors tend to start with their products and not with customer requirements.  They focus on features and functions, how those features and functions makes theirs a better product, and then explain why the customer may want what is being pitched.  For example a Cloud software vendor’s pitch may go something like this:


What – Our latest Cloud X platform has automated configuration management built-in and can scale to thousands of nodes in less than 5 minutes.

How – We can help you create the next-generation Private Cloud within the walls of your datacenter.

Why – A Private Cloud will help you simplify IT, save money, and it is what all the “cool kids” are doing.

The problem with this approach is that it doesn’t actually take the time to address customer requirements, or more importantly aspire to help customer to meet their corporate goals and vision.  In fact, it generally reinforces faulty strategic planning on the part of some customers who often implements products and tools based on tactical rather than strategic reasons.

Defining The Why, The How, and The What

I propose that we, the vendors, have responsibility to help customers focus, in order of priority, on the Why, the What , and then the How of what they do.  And for me , those terms have very specific meanings:

  • Why – The single purpose, cause or belief that serves as the unifying, driving and inspiring force for any organization or department.
  • How – The guiding principles, strategies, or actions an organization or department takes to bring to life their Why.
  • What – The tactics and results of actions taken to bring the Why to life.

Though it is always an iterative process, my goal is to have customers answer these questions in that very specific order.  Some of you will recognize by now that my approach is modeled after Simon Sinek‘s The Golden Circle.  Without attempting to do a deep dive on the topic, I would simply commend to everyone Sinek’s outstanding TED Talk.

GoldenCircle_with_arrow-300x300My specific interest in The Golden Circle is its application to IT Operations and how I can help customers to “Start with Why” as they inquire about trends like Cloud Computing and DevOps.

Applying The Golden Circle to ITaaS

A brief and very high level example here may be helpful here, particularly for those new to Sinek’s concept of The Golden Circle.  Take the following fictitious use case:

A traditional media company decides there is money to be made by becoming an aggregator of social media content.  This company decides that they need to be disruptive to not only traditional media but to current Internet media.  Their plan is to create a new application for aggregating and distributing social media that can be tailored to individual users in real-time according to their interest and desires.  This media company decides to charter their IT department with creating a special task force that would advise them how to go to market, in record time, with such an application, despite a track record of the company being late when it comes to innovation.  And it must be done in such a way that the application can be rolled out and updated regularly without disruption.

Ideally, how may we apply The Golden Circle when advising this customer and the task force they’ve created?  Start with Why


Why – What is the unifying cause and goal for the company and for IT?  It’s not to merely create a next-gen social media aggregation software program.  And it is certainly not implementing a Cloud because that is what all the new social media companies seem to be doing.  It has to go back to the idea that the company wants to be a disruptive force in the media industry by being faster and more relevant than their competitors so that can drive customer and revenue growth.

How – What are the guiding principles and actions to bring bout the company goal?  Again, many customers and vendors would want to jump in with discussions on tools and methodology but that would be mistake.  Without an understanding of the strategies that must be taken, how can an IT organization know what tools and methodologies are most appropriate to accomplish the overarching goals?

In this use case, the goal is to disrupt the media industry and it’s been determined by the Business that the way to achieve this is to come to market, in record time, with a new application.  Therefore the actions that IT must take, as a service provider to the Business, is to adapt the culture of IT to make this a reality.  Since speed of delivery in terms of rolling out the new application and updating it regularly without downtime is a requirement, Development and Operation must work in close concert with each other.  IT resources must be available on demand and as much of the IT process needs to be automated as possible.

What – What tactics must be undertaken as a result of the How and as the means to make the Why a reality?  Here, the discussion about products and tools starts to become relevant, but only in light of the Why and the How.  if the necessary actions include a cultural change within IT, then the resultant tactics include tools and methodologies that enable and support this cultural change.  They may include the following:

  • Leveraging a Public Cloud as a platform for rapid development of the new application
  • Utilizing a Private Cloud for production and creating a Hybrid Cloud for bursting workloads & disaster avoidance and recovery
  • Adapting methodologies such as Agile Development and continuous Integration to speed application rollout and updates
  • Automating configuration management using tools such as Chef and Puppet

The point is the products and tools should not be the starting points for how IT delivers value to the Business.  In fact, I would assert that if vendors continue to lead with products and features, we do a disservice to our customers.  At best, we setup IT for failure or limited success; at worst, we hold them back from innovating and providing the services their companies need to accomplish their purpose and cause.



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